On the Neurology of Gamma Brainwaves and the Psychology of Peak Experiences

Among humans, there are five levels of consciousness, and these mental states correlate to brainwave activity. Of course, correlation does not equal causation. This is important to understand, particularly when it comes to physiological versus psychological phenomena.

Regardless, the point is that brainwaves, or neural oscillations, are rhythmic or repetitive patterns of neural activity in the central nervous system. …


The Happiest Most Peaceful Apes on Earth

Given that they are not very proficient swimmers, around two million years ago, the formation of the Congo River forced a population of chimpanzees to separate into chimps and pygmy chimps, after many generations of being isolated from each other. This led to the speciation of the more gracile version which is commonly known as bonobos. They live south of the river while their chimpanzee ancestors remained in the north. To be even more precise, bonobos are only found south of the Congo River and north of the Kasai River, in the humid forests of what is now the Democratic…


“The truth is out there.”

Although the “Star People” have been visiting North America for millennia, Native Americans have a much different relationship with extraterrestrials than that of Americans (at least, for the most part). The main reason for this is because during FDR’s second term in the White House, on Devil’s Night in 1938, Orson Welles directed The Mercury Theatre on the Air live radio adaptation of H. G. Wells’s novel The War of the Worlds. More importantly, by mimicking a news broadcast, the show was so realistic-sounding (for its time) that many listeners were fooled into thinking that a Martian invasion was actually…


The Art of Precious Scars

During the Muromachi Period, in 14th-century Japan, a shogun named Ashikaga Yoshimitsu broke his favorite tea bowl and became highly distraught in reaction to the destruction. In fact, he was so inconsolable about the whole thing, that the damaged item was shipped to China to be repaired by expert craftsmen. However, on its return, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu was horrified by the big ugly, metal staples that had been used to join the broken pieces of his once elegant bowl back together. In the wake of this tragedy, the infuriated shogun charged his own Japanese craftsmen with devising a more appropriate solution…


Is there a viable (set of) solution(s) to the “hard problem”?

Image Source: Vsauce

For much of human history, the question of what consciousness is was a more or less innocuous kind of thing to ask. From an epistemological point of view, as a general concept, the mind, or soul of a person, has been understood in many different ways by many different traditions, ranging from an array of ancient religious views to contemporary secular philosophies. Among the earliest recorded speculations are theories from ancient Indian, Greek, and, later, Middle Eastern and medieval European intellectuals. As a result of this, there have been and continue to be, significant debates over the attributes that make…


The Most Influential Magical Secret Society in Modern Times

(William Wynn Westcott, William Robert Woodman, and Samuel Liddell Mathers by Travis Simpkins)

In 1886, a Freemason named Kenneth Mackenzie died and William Westcott (pictured in the image above, on the left) became the new Supreme Grand Secretary of the Swedenborgian Rite. As part of this process, he inherited all of Mackenzie’s Masonic manuscripts, among other esoteric documents. In some of those notes, Mackenzie had outlined rituals for a magical fraternity that he was going to call the Hermetic Brotherhood of Egypt. However, this never came to fruition. …


A Post-Modern Post-Materialist Meta-Analysis of Cardiac Coherence and the Teleology of the Central Chakra

(Source: The HeartMath Institute)

Thousands of years ago, people believed that the heart was responsible for all of our thoughts, feelings, sensations, and behaviors. This hypothesis can be called cardiocentrism, and the idea seems to have derived from the ancient Egyptian belief that the heart is the “house of the soul”. This concept was then later adopted and adapted by Greek philosophers such as Aristotle who believed that the heart is theseat of the soul”. Of course, an opposing theory called cephalocentrism, claims that the brain obviously plays the dominant role in controlling things. That notion was apparently introduced by Pythagoras, who argued…


In Theory and Practice

(Image Credit: Byron Eggenschwiler)

Typically speaking, an out-of-body experience (OBE or sometimes even OOBE) is a phenomenon in which a person perceives the world from a location outside their physical body from the vantage point of their metaphysical soul. It all began tens of thousands of years ago when our animistic ancestors first discovered how to mentally roll out of their bodies, or lift up out of their heads. Some even managed to visit the spirit world in the process. So, in no time at all, shamans around the world became gatekeepers to the other side. Then, as more and more time went on…


The Path to Enlightenment

The symbol in the image above is called an unalome, with the spiral and lemniscates representing twists and turns in life and the line representing the path to enlightenment. To some this results in a state of perfect happiness, while to others nirvana is a transcendent state attained as a result of being released from the cycle of life, death, and rebirth. Either way, the point is that, about 2,500 years ago, the Buddha developed the Dharma for that very purpose. In so doing, rather than making the pursuit of happiness the purpose of their lives, the Buddha instructed his…


Through the Destruction of Thea

Four billion five hundred million years ago, the local solar system took shape in a remote region of one of the Milky Way’s spiral arms. As the galaxy spun, ever so slowly, a cloud of supernova gas was induced to spin by the passage of one of the galaxy’s spiral density waves. The motion of this particular force then contributed to the collapse of the cloud, which caused it to heat up.

Eventually, after coming together by a chance combination of phenomena based on a foundation of quantum uncertainty, the temperature within the natal system became hot enough to vaporize…

Joshua Hehe

An Eclectic Autodidact Polymath Essayist

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