A List of Clever Jokes

Although most philosophers don’t really talk about comedy that much, there are some really funny things that have been said throughout the ages. In fact, according to the famous logician Ludwig Wittgenstein, “A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes.” I think he was kidding…


On the Neurology of Gamma Brainwaves and the Psychology of Peak Experiences

Among humans, there are five levels of consciousness, and these mental states correlate to brainwave activity. Of course, correlation does not equal causation. This is important to understand, particularly when it comes to physiological versus psychological phenomena.

Regardless, the point is that brainwaves, or neural oscillations, are rhythmic or repetitive…


The Godfather of Philosophy

As an avid philosopher and historian, I’m often frustrated by what’s known as the Socratic problem. The whole thing really centers on the fact that one of the founding fathers of Western philosophy never wrote anything down. However, in Ancient Greece people such as Xenophon and Aristippus did mention Socrates…


A Reservoir of Qualia that Connects Us All

In the year 1916, Dr. Carl Gustav Jung coined the term “collective unconscious”. He used it to refer to a hypothetical set of shared mental concepts that are thought to exist below the level of the conscious mind, somewhere deep within us, in a reservoir of qualia that connects us…


Two of the spiritual movements that challenged Catholicism

Introduction

In Classical Antiquity, amid the birth of the Western occult tradition, during the 1st century, in an age of radical religious revolutions in Roman-occupied Egypt, both Hermeticism and Gnosticism emerged alongside what was becoming Catholicism. Since then, the two spiritual movements have often been thought of as being the same…


Aleister Crowley’s Bible for the Thelemites

In 1904, a rather infamous occultist named Aleister Crowley founded the religion of Thelema, and it has been propagated by his followers ever since. As part of that, the central text of their faith is The Book of the Law, more properly known as Liber AL vel Legis sub figura…


A Brief Look Back on the Most Legendary Fraternity in the World

In the 12th century, a number of charitable Christian confraternities emerged on the British Isles, some of which were stonemason guilds. The members of those groups were fine upstanding men, who took care of each other and their communities. The masons also began to use their trade, as an allegory…


A Concise Solution to the Hard Problem of Consciousness

In 1995, a philosopher named David Chalmers described what he called the “hard problem” in contrast to the “easy problems”, like that of finding the neural correlates of specific states of consciousness. The former requires a complex explanation-based solution, while the latter requires simple correlation-based solutions. By doing this, Chalmers…


A Monumental Reminder of the Impermanence of Things

On a lush floodplain, just above Tonle Sap Lake, deep within the tropical forest of northwestern Cambodia lie the crumbling ruins of a colossal ancient city at the heart of which is a magnificent monument called Angkor Wat. As a Hindu temple that was turned into a Buddhist sanctuary, Angkor…


In other words, are they rudimentary forms of life or just organic structures that interact with living things?

Most biologists assert that viruses are not alive, but what if they’re wrong? Are they really the most numerous kind of organisms on the planet? What is the ontological and teleological nature of their existence? Better yet, if a virus is a non-living thing then how can it evolve? Knowing…

Joshua Hehe

An Autodidact Polymath

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