In Theory and Practice

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Humans have been fascinated by numbers for millennia, using them for much more than the purpose of accounting, for which they were invented. In line with this, some polytheistic and then later monotheistic mathematicians were also numerologists, just as an astronomer was also often an astrologer, and a chemist might also be an alchemist. At the same time, numerology is not to be confused with arithmancy, which is a form of divination based on assigning a numeric value to a word or phrase, by means of a simplified ancient Greek isopsephy or Hebrew gematria, as adapted to Latin.

In its most basic form, numerology is based on a belief in mystical relationships between numbers and coinciding events. It is also the study of the numerical value of the letters in words, among other things. For instance, in the 7th century BCE, the Chaldean method developed in Babylon used an individual’s name and date of birth to reveal things about their personality and destiny. This is the same in Vedic numerology. To do this, the Mesoptomanian and Indian systems only use the numbers from 1 to 8. …


On the Origin and Evolution of Neurons

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Nearly 14 billion years ago, the local universe emerged as an 11-dimensional spacetime continuum. This then differentiated into two separate domains, consisting of inner metaphysical space as well as outer physical space. This simultaneously gave rise to both an immaterial and a material plane of existence. These are the realms of qualia and quanta, respectively, from which internalized subjectivity and externalized objectivity manifest. Simply put, there is both a physical plane of existence and a mental plane of existence and the two overlap. As part of this, there are two kinds of dimensions, internalized and externalized. …


The Original Public Enemy Number 1

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In his youth, circa 1915, Al Capone took to the mean streets of New York like a duck to water. He joined the first gang in US history, known as the Forty Thieves. Then, after being in a couple of small-time gangs for a few of his most formative years, Al Capone became involved with the Brooklyn Rippers, followed by the powerful Five Points Gang in Lower Manhattan. Al Capone was recruited by Paul Kelly and his lieutenant Johnny Torrio. However, in many ways, it wasn’t until Al Capone turned 18 that his criminal career really began to take shape. It did so under the guidance of Torrio’s protege Frankie Yale. This was important because, like his mentor, Torrio, Yale was one of a new breed of profit-driven criminals known for their vicious reprisal slayings. More significantly, after making money from racketeering, in 1917, Frankie Yale opened a bar in Coney Island known as the Harvard Inn. …


From 535 to 544

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(The Dark Ages/Jonas De Ro/Deviant Art)

After a few years of increasingly severe earthquakes and tidal waves as the land slowly bulged upward in a low dome, in early 535, a major eruption of Krakatoa in the Sundra Straits became a natural fireworks display of epic proportions. The event gave rise to the present-day islands of Sumatra and Java. It was possibly one of the worst natural disasters in the geological prehistory of the entire planet. The magnificent spectacle released an incomprehensible amount of energy. First, the pressure of magma became so intense that a crack would have opened up. Then, a few days later, a massive earthquake let cold seawater rush into one of the magma chambers, creating a 30-mile-high red hot fountain of molten lava that violently spewed forth for about two days. In the process, a tower of ash pierced the stratosphere, and large chunks of molten rock rained down several miles from the epicenter, which was 1,650 degrees Fahrenheit. Deafening shockwaves traveling at 1,500 miles-per-hour went around the world and collided in South America, sending them back to Indonesia, with tremendous reverberation. Every combustible material in a ten-mile radius burst into flames when the energy supercompressed and then superheated the ambient air. Moreover, once the magma chamber became partially empty, the roof collapsed causing a five hundred foot drop as the landmass fell beneath the surface of the water producing a massive caldera. …


The Darkest of the Dark Arts

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DEMONS TORMENTING ST. ANTHONY by Martin Schongauer

Millennia ago, King Solomon bound 72 djinn, or demons, in a brass vessel and cast it into the sea. As the story goes, Solomon’s vessel was discovered by Babylonians, who believed that it contained treasure. However, when they feverishly broke open the brass vessel, the demons and their legions were set free. Then, the unleashed spirits returned to the underworld. One exception was the 68th demon, Belial, who entered an idol and delivered oracles in exchange for sacrifices and divine honors.

The thing is that many of the so-called “evil spirits” are actually deities that were demonized. That is to say that, some of the gods who were reclassified as demons were originally revered not reviled. For instance, the very first of the 72 demons subdued was Bael. He was the old Caananite god Baal, who had been denounced by Moses in antiquity. Much later, in medieval Europe, the demons were assigned titles and ranks. For instance, Bael is a king, while others are dukes or knights, and so on and so forth. Also, in the modern legend, Solomon sealed the demons in the vessel so they could be called upon to do his bidding, not to prevent them from doing harm. …


A Timeline of Hominid Evolution

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The Copper Age Cold Case that Can’t be Closed

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Ötzi the Iceman by Rudolf Farkas

In September of 1991, a unique natural wet mummy was discovered in the Ötzal Alps, near Similaun mountain and Hauslabjoch on the border between Austria and Italy. At first, the mysterious mountain man and his remains came to be known as “the Iceman”, since he was found frozen in ice. However, because he was discovered in the Ötzal Alps he was named “Ötzi”. More importantly, since the mummy was found, the one-of-a-kind corpse has been extensively examined, measured, and dated by numerous scholars. For instance, an isotopic analysis was used on his teeth enamel to determine the geographic source of the water he drank when he was growing up as a child. This proved that he was born in the Vinschgau region, but he died much further north in the Southern Alps, as shown in the map below. Still, even after all these years, and everything that has come to be known, the true nature of his life and the precise circumstances of his death remain subjects of continued investigation and speculation. …


Divination with the Dead

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Edward Kelly and Paul Wade conjuring the dead. (Illustration of the Occult Sciences/Ebenezer Sibley)

Necromancy is literally “divination by means of the dead”, coming from the Hellenistic Greek “nekrosh” (dead) and “manteia” (divination). However, it’s important to understand that, prior to this, the Classical Greek term “nekyia” also referred to a rite by which ghosts were called up and questioned about the future. The thing is that it signified a descent into Hades in order to consult the dead rather than summoning souls back to their bodies, the way it would come to mean in Late Latin. Along with this, the Italian word “nigromancia” is the reason why necromancy came to be known as the ‘‘dark art’’. So, denotatively, necromancy is just like any other form of magic, but connotatively it’s specifically “black magic”. …


One of the Seven Wonders of the World

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(Image Credit: Andrea Leopardi)

About twenty-four centuries ago, in the northwestern Arabian Penninsula, a group of people, known to some as the Qedarites, lost significant territory along with their privileged position in the frankincense trade. This was historically important because, back then, frankincense was a cure-all like penicillin is today, plus it was an essential smudging agent in many of the religious ceremonies performed by various different clergy far and wide at that point in history. The overall point I’m getting at is that the Persians lost interest in the former territory of the Edomite Kingdom, circa 400 BCE, and it left a power vacuum in that region of the world. So, after the death of Alexander the Great, while the Seleucids battled the Ptolemies, Bedouin Nabataeans from southern Arabia migrated to the north to fill the void. …


A New Take on an Old Tale

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(Image Source: Wikipedia)

As a general rule in the Bible, the closer one is to the beginning of the text the more fictitious the characters tend to be. So, for instance, Abraham never really lived but Moses did. More importantly, the narrative surrounding the actual historical figure is quite muddled by mythology and ethnicity. Seemingly unbeknownst to many, the truth is that about three and a half millennia ago, the native inhabitants of Jerusalem were the Canaanites. Their minor kingdoms were nestled between two major empires, that of Egypt and Mesopotamia. …

About

Joshua Hehe

An Autodidact Polymath

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